Gil de Biedma, Jaime

Gil de Biedma, Jaime
b. 1929, Barcelona; d. 1990, Barcelona
   Writer
   Gil de Biedma is one of the best-known members of the "Generation of the 1950s", also referred to as the "children of the Civil War". Born into a wealthy Catalan family, he was a precocious child who witnessed the onset of the war, but, unlike others of his generation, he was whisked off to the family estate in Segovia where he would not suffer its ravages. As a young man he studied law in Barcelona, but became far more interested in literature, especially after a stay at Oxford in 1953. There he discovered the poets T.S.Eliot and W.H. Auden who would greatly influence his literary style.
   In the same year, Gil de Biedma published his first book of poetry, Según sentencia del tiempo (According to Time's Verdict). In 1955 the poet began his life-long career as an executive in the General Company of Filipino Tobacco and also published a translation of Eliot's The Use of Poetry and the Use of Criticism; but a bout of tuberculosis was to take him to the family's country estate in 1956, where he kept a diary that was published in 1974. Entitled Diario del artista seriamente enfermo (Diary of a Seriously Ill Artist), it describes the artist's journey towards the mastery of his poetic style. Most of the poetry written during his convalescence can be found in the first section of his book Compañeros de viaje (Fellow Travellers), published in 1959. In the book he emphasizes his commitment to protest poetry. The political and literary activities he shared with his "fellow travellers" are retold in his 1966 Moralidades (Moralities), where he also reveals himself to be an erotic poet. Two years later, in Poemas póstumos (Posthumous Poems), the poet reflects the disillusionment he grappled with because of the loss of youth and love. Most of his poetry was published in 1969 under the title Colección particular (Private Collection), but it was banned by the state censorship. A new edition entitled Las personas del verbo (The Personae of the Word) did not appear on bookshelves until the death of Franco in 1975.
   In spite of Gil de Biedma's small body of work, by the time he died of AIDS in 1990, he had become something of a cult figure among young Spanish poets. His interest in literary criticism and English literature, in both erotic and social themes, his ironic, self-deprecating, guilty tone, in addition to his intellectual stature and sophisticated life style, set him apart from his contemporaries and distinguished him as a wordly poet whom the younger generations wished to emulate.
   See also: gay culture; gay writing; poetry
   Further reading
   - Mangini González, S. (1980) Gil de Biedma, Madrid: Júcar (the first anthology and critical study of Gil de Biedma's poetry).
   - Rovira, P. (1986) La poesía de Jaime Gil de Biedma, Barcelona: Mall (an essential study for understanding the poet's work).
   SHIRLEY MANGINI

Encyclopedia of contemporary Spanish culture. 2013.

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  • Gil de Biedma — Gil de Biedma, Jaime …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gil de Biedma, Jaime — ► (1929 90) Poeta español. Es irónico, desenfadado y profundo. Obras: Compañeros de viaje (1959) y Poemas póstumos (1968), entre otras …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jaime Gil de Biedma — y Alba (Barcelona, 13 de noviembre de 1929 8 de enero de 1990) fue un poeta español, uno de los autores más importantes de la Generación del 50. Contenido 1 Biografía 2 Obras 3 Pel …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jaime Gil De Biedma — y Alba est un poète espagnol né à Barcelone le 13 novembre 1929 et décédé dans la même ville le 8 janvier 1990. C est un des auteurs parmi les plus significatifs des années 1950 dans son pays. Il naît au sein d une famille de la haute bourgeoisie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jaime gil de biedma — y Alba est un poète espagnol né à Barcelone le 13 novembre 1929 et décédé dans la même ville le 8 janvier 1990. C est un des auteurs parmi les plus significatifs des années 1950 dans son pays. Il naît au sein d une famille de la haute bourgeoisie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jaime Gil de Biedma — (1929 1990) was a Spanish post Civil War poet.He was born in Barcelona in 1929. He deliberately stopped writing poetry some ten years before his death. He insisted that the character he had invented, the poet Jaime Gil de Biedma, as opposed to… …   Wikipedia

  • Jaime Gil de Biedma — (* 13. November 1929 in Barcelona; † 8. Januar 1990 ebenda) war ein spanischer Dichter und einer der wichtigsten Autoren seiner Generation. Aus einem der reichsten Handelshäuser Barcelonas stammend, studierte er Jura in Barcelona und Salamanca… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jaime Gil de Biedma — y Alba est un poète espagnol, né à Barcelone le 13 novembre 1929 et mort dans la même ville le 8 janvier 1990. C est un des auteurs parmi les plus significatifs des années 1950 dans son pays. Il naît au sein d une famille de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jaime Gil de Biedma — y Alba, (n. Barcelona, 13 de noviembre de 1929 † Barcelona, 8 de enero de 1990). Poeta español, uno de los autores más importantes de la Generación del 50. Nacido en el seno de una familia de la alta burguesía catalana, propietaria de de la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • José Gil de Biedma — Diputado en Cortes por Representante del distrito de Riaza 14 de marzo de 1914 – 15 de septiembre de 1923 …   Wikipedia Español

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